Web Accessibility - Getting Started

Andrew Arch

Accessible Information Solutions
National Information & Library Service

Today's Topics

Why Web Acessibility Is Important

Legal and Policy Contexts

Notes:

  1. Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission references
    • Brief Gide to the DDA:
      http://www.hreoc.gov.au/disability_rights/dda_guide/dda_guide.htm
    • World Wide Web Advisory Notes:
      http://www.humanrights.gov.au/disability_rights/standards/www_3/www_3.html
  2. Australian Web Accessibility Policies and Guidelines
    http://www.nils.org.au/ais/web/resources/policies.html

Intranet & Internal Applications

Notes:

  1. HREOC: Employment FAQ
    www.hreoc.gov.au/disability_rights/faq/Employment/employment_faq_1.html

What is Disability?

Notes: For some of the key concepts, see:

  1. Vision impairment
    • www.webaim.org/techniques/visual/blind#keyconcepts
    • www.webaim.org/techniques/visual/lowvision.php#keyconcepts
    • www.webaim.org/techniques/visual/colorblind.php#keyconcepts
  2. Hearing Impairment
    • www.webaim.org/techniques/hearing/culture#keyconcepts
  3. Physical/motor Impairment
    • www.webaim.org/techniques/motor/#keyconcepts
  4. Cognitive Impairment
    • www.webaim.org/techniques/cognitive/design.php#keyconcepts

Disability in Australia

ABS Disability Statistics

pie chart showing primary disability

When asked which disability most affected their daily living, the reponses were:

Notes:

 

  1. Disability in Australia 2003 - ABS
    • Preliminary Results
      • http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/
        b06660592430724fca2568b5007b8619/
        768ee722e31f6315ca256e8b007f3055!OpenDocument
    • Summary of findings
      • http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/
        b06660592430724fca2568b5007b8619/
        c258c88a7aa5a87eca2568a9001393e8!OpenDocument

Accessible Design Beneficiaries

Rural and Remote Users

Notes:

  1. Web Sites for a Rural Australia: Designing for Accessibility (Rural Industry R&D Corp)
    • http://www.rirdc.gov.au/reports/HCC/00-13.pdf
  2. National Farmers' Federation says not much improvement in 5 years!

Good Business Practice

Accessible sites:

Notes:

  1. Auxiliary Benefits of Accessible Web Design
    • http://www.w3.org/WAI/bcase/benefits.html

Using the Web with a Disability

Notes:

  1. How People with Disabilities Use the Web
    • www.w3.org/WAI/EO/Drafts/PWD-Use-Web/

Web Use - Videos

Notes:

  1. Keeping Web Accessibility in Mind
    • www.webaim.org/info/asdvideo/
  2. Websites that Work
    • video.strath.ac.uk/streams/rnib.wvx
  3. Video Case Studies
    • www.microsoft.com/enable/casestudy/videos.aspx

WCAG 1.0

Notes:

  1. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0
    • http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-WEBCONTENT
  2. Authoring Tool Accessibility Guidelines 1.0
    • http://www.w3.org/TR/ATAG/
  3. User Agent Accessibility Guidleines 1.0
    • http://www.w3.org/TR/UAAG/

WCAG 1.0 Guidelines (14)

Notes:

  1. Guidelines
    • http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-WEBCONTENT/
  2. Checklist
    • http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-WEBCONTENT/full-checklist.html

Guidelines Cont. (6 - 10)

Guidelines Cont. (11 - 14)

WCAG 1.0 - Priorities

Notes:

  1. Interim solutions (until user agents) include:
    • 10.1 Popups
    • 10.2 Correct label positioning in forms
    • 10.3 A linear text alternative for tables
    • 10.4 Place holding characters in edit boxes and text boxes
    • 10.5 Printable (audible) character between links
  2. NB. We now consider two of the P3 checkpoints (10.3, 10.4) no longer applicable due to improvements in user agents

WGAC 1.0 - Conformance

Common Accessibility Issues

  • Navigation
  • Clear links
  • Text equivalents
  • Customisation
  • Layout Tables
  • Data tables
  • Structure (e.g. lists and headings)
  • Colour and Contrast
  • Forms
  • Scripts

 

Navigation

Clear Link Text

Notes:

  1. http://www.e-consultancy.com/forum/101703-writing-effective-link-text.html

Text Equivalents

Customisation

Text

Layout tables

Data Tables

Use of Structure

Colour and Contrast

Forms Rules

Forms Rules cont.

Notes:

  1. Forms Tutorials:
    • http://www.webaim.org/howto/forms/
    • http://www.jimthatcher.com/webcourse8.htm
    • http://www.accessify.com/tutorials/better-accessible-forms.asp

Scripting Issues

Testing for accessibility

  • Put away the mouse - just use the keyboard
  • Turn off the images
  • Resize the screen
  • Turn off scripting
  • Use another (older) browser
  • Look at the structure
  • Use The WAVE from WebAIM

Testing for accessibility

Notes:

  1. Evaluating Web Sites for Accessibility
    • http://www.w3.org/WAI/eval/
  2. Getting Started with Accessibility Assessments
    • http://ausweb.scu.edu.au/aw03/papers/arch2/
  3. Using Opera to check for accessibility
    • http://webaim.org/techniques/articles/opera
  4. The WAVE
    • http://www.wave.webaim.org/
  5. AIS Accessibility Toolbar for IE
    • http://www.nils.org.au/ais/web/resources/toolbar/

Thankyou and Questions